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EU & International

Cross-border Problems

Private international law issues of collective redress

Mass harm situations very often include a cross-border element. Products, goods and services of all kinds are distributed and offered all over Europe. Damage arising from the violation of consumer contracts or defective products may thus entitle persons and tort victims domiciled in different Member States to claim compensation from the liable party. Also mass accidents such as a train or plane crash, naval accidents or incidents like the capsize of the Italian Cruise Ship "Costa Condordia" in January 2012 as well as cases of environmental pollution will often harm victims domiciled in various Member States. Cross-border collective redress proceedings offer the chance of pooling all or at least a large number of claims arising from the same tortious act or violation of legal regulations, but they raise complex issues of private international law.

For further details on international jurisdiction, parallel proceedings, recognition and enforcement and applicable law, click on Cross-border problems 

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